Are you already looking forward to your first own salad and fresh cucumbers and tomatoes from your own farm? Fruits and berries are already being cultivated so that you can enjoy vitamins from your own green in autumn. But why not try something exotic? Hardly anyone knows that many exotic fruits are hardy, so that you can enjoy these plants for a long time and have several harvests.
Colder than you think
Many plants that bear extremely tasty fruits come from regions that only at first glance evoke associations with the south and the eternal summer. A large selection of information on the origin of such fruits can be found on lubera.com. Especially the fruit-bearing plants from the South American continent are often exposed to freezing temperatures in their home countries and put up with it well. In Chile or Argentina, it often gets colder in the highlands than it can get in Germany. So you can also spread bananas and papaya, as well as many Peruvian tomatoes without problems with the cold in German gardens. Many varieties of figs from the north of the African continent, as well as pineapples and kiwi from regions beyond the equator, can also be grown in Germany.
Light is particularly important for exotic species
Conditional winter protection is necessary for sensitive varieties, but the plant gradually adapts after a few ripening cycles. Light is often more important than heat, so you should pay attention to sunny locations or set up artificial lighting. If the exotics get too little light, the harvest of the ripe fruit will be rather poor. But this is known from the widespread tomatoes that have been thriving in Germany for a long time, but whose origin can also be found in South America.
It is best to find out about the countries of origin of the fruits. A look at a climate diagram of the region of origin quickly reveals how surprisingly cold it can get in the supposedly always warm south.
The flowers and the bees
A much bigger problem is the propagation of plants outside their home. In spite of ambitious hobby gardeners, an occurrence is rather rare and sometimes the domestic insects simply do not know "how it works with the exotic". When buying seedlings, you should make sure to always buy a pair, i.e. a plant with male and one with purely female flowers. Sometimes that's not enough and the gardener has to help a little. With a cotton swab, he too can be the bee and transfer the pollen from one plant to another. If the bee is busy, your garden in late summer can already be full of exotic fruits this year.