Garlic - useful in the garden and tasty in the kitchen. Here's how to plant and harvest garlic.Planting garlic is easy -
Some love him, others hate him. Garlic! Everyone knows that he is healthy, but garlic can do even more. Distributed in the garden, on the one hand, it can counteract fungal spores that roam the ground and could be dangerous to other plants. On the other hand, it is also a remedy for voles.
But first of all, garlic (Allium sativum) must of course not be missing in any good kitchen. Knowing that it comes from your own garden will make it even more delicious. So that nothing goes wrong when planting, you should know that garlic has its very special needs.
Planting garlic - you should know that
Garlic is an easy-care leek plant and is relatively easy to grow. You can put it in the bed or draw it in pots on the balcony or window sill.
The right location
The right location is very important for the growth of the plant. Garlic prefers it sunny, but it may not too wet his. He has no problems with the cold in winter. If you still want to protect it in freezing temperatures, you can cover the bed with straw or mulch.
The right time
No matter when you put the garlic in the ground, they are ready to harvest at the same time.
The special thing about garlic is that it has two different planting times. You can grow it in autumn, but also in spring. Autumn - in the period from September to October - has proven itself best, since the plants here become significantly larger and stronger. However, you can only plant garlic in spring, but then you have to reckon with the fact that the plants are smaller. If you choose spring, you should start growing in February.
The right earth
How the garlic develops depends not only on the time, but also on the soil in question - garlic likes a particularly nutrient-rich and loose soil. If you pull up your garlic on the windowsill or on the balcony and accordingly in pots, you should make sure that there is no waterlogging. The plant doesn't like that at all. To avoid this, you can put a little gravel or small stones in the bottom of the pot so that the water can drain off well.
Pull garlic out of one clove
The easiest way to grow garlic yourself is to plant an existing clove of garlic in the ground.
- Put a clove of garlic about 3 cm deep into the prepared soil. Attention: The tip must look upwards.
- Leave at least 15 cm space between the individual garlic plants.
Harvest garlic - this is how it's done
When can you harvest garlic?
When it comes to garlic, there are different opinions about when to harvest.
Some say that you can harvest single, large fresh cloves of garlic after just one year. But you should also know that the size of the toes harvested also depends very much on the starting toe.
Many hobby gardeners even leave the garlic for two years before harvesting it. On the one hand the tubers are as big as you know them from the supermarket and on the other hand the taste is much more intense. Standing for two years is no problem for the garlic, so you don't have to worry about your plants even in winter. The garlic should then be harvested after two years.
How to harvest
Once you've found the right time, harvesting the garlic is no longer rocket science.
If the leaf green has withered, you can loosen the soil around the garlic a little and then carefully pull out the garlic on the green stem. That's it. Now you can use it to flavor or conjure up other tasty things.
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