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The pear tree is one of the classic fruit trees and should not be missing in any garden. So here's how it is planted and cared for.A classic: the pear tree
The pear is one of the European cultural trees, but is also native to Asia and North Africa and is a pome fruit. Their mostly sweetish fruits are very popular and are processed in many ways, e.g. on cakes, as compote and jam, with liqueurs, etc. (Reading tip: Homemade gifts from the garden: 9 ideas presented)
In general, the pear varieties can be divided into early and late ripe fruits, which is why people often speak of summer and autumn pears. The early ripening, poorly storable varieties include the yellow and red Williams Christ, the colorful July pear and the early Trevoux. The well-ripe, late-ripe pear varieties include the Countess of Paris, Gellerts Butterbirne, Gute Louise, Pastorenbirne, Condo and the Alexander Lucas. Duo pear trees are also becoming increasingly popular. This means that two types grow on a pear tree, e.g. Good Louise and Conference.
No matter which variety you have decided on, you should grow and maintain it as described below.
Plant pear tree
When planting, you should definitely note that many pear trees prefer a partially shaded, as dry as possible, also loamy location. A so-called support pile promotes straight tree growth. Simply ram up to three plant supports around the pear tree into the ground without damaging the roots. Then tie the tree evenly to the supports with a sisal container (rope).
»Order popular pear varieties here
In the meantime pear trees are even used as container plants, e.g. for a large balcony. You must then regularly supply these dwarf pear trees or pillar bulbs with fertilizer. Very young plants also need light winter protection for the first one to two years, for example in the form of a fleece coat or using straw mats.
Caring for pear tree properly
Pear trees are very easy to care for and robust. Only animals and the pear grate can sometimes get caught on the sweet fruits, but this is usually of little importance.
You should supply pear trees with plenty of compost when planting them (in the planting hole), which makes growing them much easier. In principle, fertilizing the trees is not necessary in the later years. However, from time to time you can work in some animal manure or compost around the tree.
If you have planted a fresh pear tree, you must water it sufficiently in the first growth phase. In the years that followed, rain water was usually enough to thrive. During long dry periods, e.g. in summer, however, you should water the root area of the pear tree by hand.
➤ Cut back:
The pear tree is one of the fruit trees and must therefore be pruned regularly in order to get a profitable harvest. For this it is advisable to take a fruit tree pruning course, which is offered in many garden centers or at horticultural associations.
The ideal time for a pear cut (main cut) is usually described from late February to early March. However, a first pruning of the fruit tree can already be carried out in late autumn, during which you should above all remove sick, old and damaged branches.
The pear fruits are mostly harvested in late summer when they are easy to pick from the tree. Unripe fruits can still ripen in the fruit bowl. You can store special pears in a cool room (e.g. in the basement) for several months after harvesting. (Reading tip: use fall fruit - 4 tips)