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Whether in pots or flower boxes - vegetables can be planted not only in the garden, but also on the balcony. We'll tell you which vegetables are perfect for beginners.Vegetables can also be planted on the balcony
Not everyone can own a garden. But even if you only have a balcony, you don't have to do without your own vegetables or fruit. After all, a balcony is not just there to populate it with flowers. In addition to flowers, you can also grow vegetables here. The same also applies to the terrace. (Reading tip: create a vegetable patch on the terrace - 5 options presented)
For all those who may never have had their own garden and have never grown vegetables themselves, we have put together some vegetables that promise quick and good harvest success. So you can see how easy it is to plant vegetables on the balcony. And if the cultivation of these varieties works, then you can dare to try other vegetables in the next year.
Requirements for growing vegetables on the balcony
In order for the vegetables to flourish splendidly on your balcony and to bear a lot of fruit, some important requirements must be met. These requirements are briefly summarized here.
On the one hand, it depends on the selection of the right vegetables, and on the other hand, there must also be enough sunshine. That is why only balconies that are oriented to the southeast or southwest are suitable for growing vegetables.
Adequate air circulation:
The balcony must also be well ventilated. The air must not be standing and must not be contaminated with cigarette smoke. If there is no adequate air circulation, the plants are much more susceptible to pests.
Use large planters:
For planting vegetables on the balcony, you should use the largest possible containers. They should be able to hold at least 10 liters and be made of clay, plastic or wood. Alternatively, you can get a finished kit for a wooden mini bed. This is similar to a raised bed (reading tip: create a raised bed - 4 advantages).
Prepare / fertilize soil properly:
You should enrich the soil for growing vegetables with mature compost so that there are sufficient nutrients in it. For optimal growth of the vegetable plants, the addition of a slow release fertilizer is also recommended. In summer you should use a liquid fertilizer again so that the nutrient supply is replenished.
My book tip on the subject is “The Self-Catering Balcony”:
9 types of vegetables presented to beginners
Not all vegetables are equally suitable for the balcony. It is particularly motivating for beginners, of course, if the first vegetables are not long in coming. In this case, it is a good idea to initially choose vegetables that grow quite quickly. The following types of vegetables, for example, are almost perfect for growing on the balcony.
You can sow radishes between April and September and harvest the fruits of your labor after around four weeks. If you sow fresh every two to three weeks, you have a particularly long harvest time.
Radishes like a sunny to half-shady location and are grown in rows with a distance of 20 centimeters and a distance of six centimeters between the individual plants. Good neighbors for this vegetable are, for example, carrots, beans, peas, tomatoes or lettuce.
❃ Picking Salad:
Picking lettuce can also be grown particularly well on the balcony. Suitable varieties would include lamb's lettuce, cut lettuce, arugula and lollo rosso. It is best not to plant these types of lettuce next to celery, parsley and beets.
The picking salad also needs a sunny to partially shaded place. Sowing takes place from March to August. The distance between the rows should be 30 centimeters, between the individual plants you should keep a distance of three centimeters.
❃ Sweet peas:
Sugar peas are very easy to grow and are therefore much cheaper to buy than in stores. These vegetables absolutely need a very sunny place and loose soil that is rich in humus. You should sow the peas between April and July and then it is best to always group three or four plants around a climbing aid.
By the way, good neighbors for the sugar peas are lettuce, carrots, radishes and dill. They get along very well with the sugar peas.
Carrots also love the blazing sun and, depending on the variety, can be planted between the end of February and June. Keep a distance of five centimeters between the plants and take into account a sowing depth of about three centimeters.
If you place onions next to the carrots, you have a good defense against the carrot fly. Tomatoes, peas, lettuce and dill are also good neighbors for carrots.
The beans, which are up to 40 centimeters high, are particularly suitable for growing on the balcony. Beans definitely need a climbing aid, but you can also let them grow up well on the balcony railing. You can sow beans in window boxes between mid-May and late June. Put four seeds in a hole in each of the bush beans and always leave a gap of five centimeters between them.
However, you should never place beans directly next to peas, and onions and leeks are also not ideal neighbors. Cucumbers, lettuce, tomatoes, radishes and savory are well suited.
Tomatoes are probably the most common vegetable grown on the balcony. You can, for example, cultivate them in tubs, window boxes or hanging baskets. It is only important that you keep in mind that tomatoes need a lot of sun and a lot of water to thrive properly.
Since tomatoes cannot tolerate frost, you should only plant them on the balcony from mid-May. Place the individual, plantlets in order, but not too close together. Each individual tomato plant should then be given a climbing aid to which you can tie the plants later.
Cucumbers are also great for growing on the balcony. Like tomatoes, they also need a lot of heat and sun. They are also suitable for growing in tubs, traffic lights and large pots.
In addition to the conventional cucumbers, mini cucumbers and lemon cucumbers are also very suitable for growing on the balcony. You can start sowing from mid-May. Good neighbors for growing on the balcony are bush beans and dill, for example.
Also from mid-May, the peppers can get a place on your home balcony. To get a great taste, however, it definitely needs a lot of sun.
When growing, you can decide for yourself whether you want to plant young plants from the nursery on the balcony or prefer the peppers yourself. In the last variant, you should plant the seeds a centimeter deep in growing bowls and then let them ripen at around 28 degrees. From the beginning of May you can then plant the young plants in the vegetable patch.
Herbs also fit very well on the balcony, but you have to make sure that herbs do not tolerate the blazing sun. It is therefore best to place the jars of herbs in a partially shaded place.
As far as the choice of herbs is concerned, you can actually grow everything your heart desires. Very popular herbs include dill, basil, chives, parsley, sage, lemon balm, thyme and lavender. No matter which varieties you choose, you should grow them from mid-May and according to the package insert.